Carbon Steel

CS Pipe Pipe Fittings

What is Carbon Steel??

Carbon steel is classified as a type of steel that is a mixture of iron and carbon. It has more carbon content, a lower melting point, and higher durability than stainless steel. Carbon steel is the preferred material for commercial engineering applications, including marine structures, energy plants, transportation, chemical processing and petroleum production and refining.

What are the types of Carbon steel?

The three basic types of carbon steel all have their own unique uses and features. The manner in which the carbon steel reacts with other elements determines its resistance to corrosion.

Low Carbon:

Low Carbon steel is also known as mild steel, it is the cheapest choice among cost-effectiveness, but it is also very bendable and can be modified into any shape, so it works perfectly for numerous applications.

Medium Carbon:

It has a significantly higher base carbon content than low carbon, and it has a bit more manganese element. Because of this, medium carbon is stronger than low carbon, but it may also be harder to work into shape due to strength and wear resistance. The same applies to its many uses, especially for machine and automotive parts.

High Carbon:

It is referred to as carbon tool steel, and stands out as the strongest steel you can buy. High carbon steel has a higher percentage of carbon than the other types. It could as well accommodate other elements to change the material’s properties. Chromium and manganese alloys can be added to high carbon steel, as it is being made, to assist the material steer clear of corrosion. High-carbon steel is also a good choice for polymer diffusion heat treatment to increase its hardness.

Carbon Steel Grades

GRADE TRAITS
12L14
Free machining. Lead added to enhance machinability. Addition of lead does, however, reduce tensile strength, although it’s still generally stronger than 1018. Magnetic in all conditions.
8620
Hard outer surface, combined with a ductile interior for higher strength.
A36
Chemically similar to 1018 but has inferior properties and rougher finish. Most commonly available of the hot-rolled steels. Yield strength also significantly less than 1018
A513 (alloy 1020-1026)
Its higher carbon content means higher strength, but lower weldability and machinability.
1008
1008 Highest thermal conductivity among wrought plain carbon steels. Can have the lowest tensile strength and moderately high ductility. Excellent weldability.
C1010
Relatively low strength, but can be quenched and tempered to increase strength at a high cost. Fairly good machinability; good formability and ductility.
C1018
Most commonly available cold-rolled steel. Has strength, some ductility, and comparative ease of machining.
C1045
For applications in which more strength or higher hardness than that of 1008 or 1010 is required.
C1141
For applications similar to those of 1045, but machinability is very important.
C1144
Higher strength than 1018 or A36, but in addition has improved ductility. Very low distortion or warping after machining due to a combination of its chemistry, method of manufacture, and heat treatment. Relatively easy to machine.
CUTTING

Industrial Application of Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel is highly versatile and has excellent resistance to heat and corrosion properties. As a result, it can be used across a wide range of industries, such as:

Countries We Supply Carbon Steel To

Steelco Metal & Alloys supply and distribute Carbon Steel products to countries like:

US United States

Europe Europe

Middle East Middle East

Africa Africa

and more…

 

Physical Properties of Carbon Steel

Carbon content (wt.%) Microstructure Properties Examples
Low-carbon steel
< 0.25
Ferrite, pearlite
Low hardness and cost. High ductility, toughness, machinability and weldability
AISI 304, ASTM A815, AISI 316L
Medium-carbon steel
0.25 – 0.60
Martensite
Low hardenability, medium strength, ductility and toughness
AISI 409, ASTM A29, SCM435
High-carbon steel
0.60 – 1.25
Pearlite
High hardness, strength, low ductility
AISI 440C, EN 10088-3

Mechanical Properties of Carbon Steel

Type AISI/ASTM name Carbon content (wt.%) Tensile strength (MPa) Yield strength (MPa) Ductility (% elongation in 50 mm) Applications
Low
1010
0.10
325
180
28
Automobile panels, nails, wire
Low
1020
0.20
380
205
25
Pipes, structural steel, sheet steel
Low
A36
0.29
400
220
23
Structural
Low
A516 Grade 70
0.31
485
260
21
Low-temperature pressure vessels
Medium
1030
0.27 – 0.34
460
325
12
Machinery parts, gears, shifts, axles, bolts
Medium
1040
0.37 – 0.44
620
415
25
Crankshafts, couplings, cold headed parts.
High
1080
0.75 – 0.88
924
440
12
Music wire
High
1095
0.90 – 1.04
665
380
10
Elongation at Break

Benefits of Carbon Steel

Ease of Fabrication

Due to its primary component, carbon steel is very well suited to metal fabrication as a result of the way the process is able to be easily monitored and facilitated. It can be welded, punched, cut, riveted, painted, and filtered.

Long Term Value

Carbon steel is more durable and has a shock resistant property.

Wear Resistance

Carbon steel has a high wear resistant property. The wear-resistant steels are typically characterized by high wear resistance in friction, weldability, ductility, and machinability.

Competitive Advantage of Steelco Metal & Alloys

Company Services
We enhance our industry operations by relieving you of the worries associated with freight forwarding.

An integrated approach to providing engineering services allows our clients to benefit from the commercial and logistical advantages.

We are one of the Nations largest automotive parts recyclers and a widely recognized leader utilizing advanced computerized techniques.
We’ll work with you on your project, large or small. Together we’ll fine-tune your new construction, remodeling or renovation plans.

FAQ

Carbon steels are a combination of carbon and iron containing from about 1% carbon to about 1.65% Mn, with elements added in certain amounts for de-oxidation and residual quantities of other elements.
Carbon steel has been used to produce extremely hard materials such as blades, cutting tools, hot water radiators, industrial furnaces for Automotive and aerospace applications, manufacturing, chemical industries and more.
Carbon steel is an iron-carbon alloy that contains between 2.1% wt. of carbon. For carbon steels, there is no minimum specified level of other alloying elements, but they also frequently contain manganese. It is available in grades A36, A572 and A830.

The price of 1kg carbon steel in India is around Rs 260/-* To know more about price contact us

Explore our Carbon Steel products

At Steelco Metal and Alloy we offer a wide range of Carbon Steel products that are being used in many different industries.

Sheet

We offer sheets in different metals, sizes, specifications, grades, and thicknesses.

Plate

At Steelco plates finishes can be selected, either polished or brushed.

Round Bar

We are rod suppliers that will deliver large quantities of round bars manufactured in Copper Nickel, Nickel Aluminum Bronze and Nickel Alloys for purchase, without a minimum number of items.

Pipe

Our company is a supplier of industrial pipe, round pipe, square pipe, rectangular pipe, ASTM A312 seamless pipe, and ASTM A213 welded pipe in different metals.

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    Product in all Sizes.
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